California Law permits Judges to restrain certain conduct through the use of injunctions called restraining orders. Their are numerous types of restraining orders available, however the Law Office of Matthew J. Ruff only defends two basic types: Domestic Violence and Civil Harassment.
The first type is the domestic violence restraining order, sometimes called a DVRO. These orders are obtained by filing a petition with the local Court alleging that someone within the "domestic unit" has used threats of violence, is stalking or has inflicted injury upon the requesting party. These TRO's are generally the easiest to obtain if indeed there is evidence of one of the qualifying criteria. If an arrest took place prior to the request for the order of protection then it is almost certain that a Judge will issue the temporary order and set a hearing date for the issuance of a permanent restraining order, usually with two weeks of the granting of the initial DVRO. Once signed by the Court the order must be served on the individual in order to become valid. At the hearing for permanent restraint, the Judge must find that evidence establishes by a preponderance of facts that one of the elements is satisfied. Both parties can have attorneys, however, it is particularly important that the person to be restrained is represented by competent legal counsel due to the fact that once the DVRO is issued it will remain in effect for a minimum of three years and can last as long as ten years. The Domestic Violence Restraining Order will appear on all public record data bases (CLETS) and will often be viewed by potential employers and others when seeking jobs, licenses, loans, etc. Attorneys can often defend requests for DVRO's when they are being used inappropriately for reasons such as leverage in upcoming divorce proceedings, child custody hearings, and for revenge for infidelity and other reasons.
The Domestic Violence Restraining Order will contain a variety of different orders such as a stay away of often at least 100 yards from the person protected. A "kick out" order causing the person to have to move from any family residence; stay away orders for children and relatives; orders to not contact by phone, e-mail or any other written or electronic communication; orders not to intimidate or persuade not to come to Court or testify against the other party. These types of DVRO instruments can also be part of the criminal court system if criminal charges are filed in Court following an arrest by police.
Violation of DVRO or stay away orders can be prosecuted under Penal Code 136.1 and 136.2. The charges could be brought either as a felony or a misdemeanor and can carry jail time or imprisonment in the CDC if convicted. Criminal Charges can also be brought under Penal Code 166 as contempt of a valid Court Order if the defendant knew of the order, failed to obey the order if having the ability to do so, and the failure was willful. Criminal contempt charges are often treated very harshly by the Court. Violations of domestic orders can also be prosecuted under PC 273.6 which is an intentional violation of a protective order issued by any family law court.
The other TRO our office defends are called Civil Harassment Restraining Orders. In order to get this type of legal action the Court must find that the person seeking relief is the victim of a threat of violence, stalking, been injured physically by the defendant or has endured a pattern of harassment that shows a course of conduct designed to annoy or harass and serves no legitimate purpose. The plaintiff must prove the conduct by clear and convincing evidence at the hearing in Court. Defense Attorney Matthew Ruff
has a near perfect track record in defending Civil Harassment restraining Orders in Los Angeles County.
One recent example of success is a case Matthew defended in Los Angeles County. The client was served with a TRO (Civil Harassment) regarding conduct that the attorney believed was Constitutionally protected free speech. At the hearing Matthew convinced the Judge of that fact despite testimony from multiple witnesses, including a Judge, that the other party was being harassed. After the hearing the Judge agreed the Mr. Ruff and dropped the TRO forthwith. The decision sparked a media event that culminated in numerous articles reporting the case. Click here
to read one of the news accounts of the Court case.
Of the many favorable Court results that the Restraining Order Defense Lawyer has obtained, nearly all seem to be motivated by reasons other than that the person actually feared the prospective restrained individual. Jealousy, intimidation, vengeance, spite, scorn, child custody, are among the reasons Mr. Ruff has seen people file bogus restraining orders.
Having the benefit of an experienced and aggressive restraining order defense lawyer makes all the difference in these types of cases. Our law office has prevailed in defending all manner of TRO actions in many Courts such as Torrance, Palos Verdes, Redondo Beach, Long Beach, Los Angeles, Inglewood, Norwalk, and Pomona.
Recent Restraining Order Victories
Torrance Superior Court, Domestic Violence Restraining Order sought by wife seeking a divorce against husband, Result: Restraing Order Dropped in Court.
Torrance Court, TRO for Civil harrassment filed by neighbor over dispute regarding use of property, Result: TRO Dropped
prior to Hearing.
Long Beach Superior Court, Civil Harrassment Restraining Order sought by neighbor, Result: Restraining Order Quashed
Norwalk Superior Court, Civil Harrassment Restraining Order filed by neighbor following a physical confrontation, Result: TRO dropped in Court
prior to hearing.
Pomona Superior Court, Los Angeles; Domestic Violence TRO sought by ex-girlfriend after break up, Result: TRO Quashed after Hearing
Should you have the experience of having been served with a restraining order and need a good attorney to defend the case in Court contact Defense Attorney Matthew Ruff today for a consultation at 310-527-4100.